Hybrid Motors

 Single Use Motors
 Reloadable Motors
 Hybrid Motors
 Hybrid Retrofitting
 Comm. Igniters
 Large Igniters
 Motor Selection
 Cleaning Reloads
 Comp. Staging
 Comp. Clustering
 AeroTech Delays
 AeroTech Nozzles
 AT Medusa Kn
 Motor Grid
 Cluster Totals

 Hybrid Safety
 Physics of N2O

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Want to try something different from the standard ammonium perchlorate (solid fuel) motors? Hybrids offer some nice advantages over solid fuel motors:
  • easy to set up (just screw the fuel grain into the motor)
  • non-explsive (no LEUP required to store or use)
  • no ignitors to fool with (requires separate launch hardware)
  • inexpensive (a Hypertek J reload costs about $20)
  • no messy clean-up
The motors fit into standard 54mm motor mount tubes. However, there is no delay-based ejection charge with hybrids so an altimeter or other recovery system system must be used.

Hybrid motors are currently made by Hypertek and Aerotech. Aerotech has a nice page on hybrids. They even have Assembly and Operation Instructions on-line. See below for information on Hypertek products.

Typical Hypertek motor
Hypertek Hybrid Motor
The picture to the right shows the components of the Hypertek flight motor, consisting of only three major parts: the oxidizer tank, the injector end bell, and the combined furle grain/combustion chamber (called the "monolithic fuel grain").

Two years after Hypertek flew the world's first N2O Hybrid rocket and following one year of BetaTesting, Tripoli Motor Testing has approved Hypertek hybrids for consumer use in High Power Rocketry. The Hypertek hybrid motor was developed as a high tech, low cost alternative to the ancient technology of solid propellant rocket motors. Hybrid motors have several safety advantages over solids. The fuel and oxidizer are isolated from each other until just before ignition, thus eliminating the requirement for a low explosive permit during transportation and storage of rocket motors. The Hypertek System also uses a remote fill/fire launch system that gives NASA style launch realism as well as a 100% pyrotechnic free ignition.

Hypertek launch table and fill system
Hypertek launch table
The Hypertek fueler/launcher shown to the right will work with most popular launch stands using 3/8 to 1/2 inch launch rods and handles rockets from 1-1/8 inches to 6 inches in diameter.

The Hypertek flight motor consists of three major parts: the oxidizer tank, the injector bell, and the fuel grain. The fuel grain is molded from thermoplastic and has an insert-molded phenolic nozzle. This monolithic grain functions as both the fuel and the combustion chamber. We've eliminated the complicated assembly of a reloadable system by incorporating the fuel, nozzle and motor case into one injection molded component. The fuel grain simply screws onto the injector bell prior to flight and the spent fuel grain is unscrewed and disposed of after each flight. No messy, time consuming clean up operations are required. Typical motor turn around times between flights can be less than 5 minutes. The injector bell has field interchangeable injector orifices for varying the thrust levels to tailor your motor to the needs of your rocket or launch field. There are currently five different orifices available and more on the way.

Technical Specifications:

Designation Orifice Burn Time Impulse Full Wt. Fired Wt. N2O Wt. Dia. Length
TMT Manufacturer (in) (Sec) (N-sec) (lbs) (lbs) (lbs) (in) (in)
J100 440-076-J .076 6.7 683 2.86 1.90 .75 2.125 24.2
J125 440-086-J .086 6.0 743 2.86 1.91 .75 2.125 24.2
J145 440-098-J .098 5.1 743 2.86 1.92 .75 2.125 24.2
J185 440-110-J .110 3.6 690 2.86 1.94 .75 2.125 24.2
J205 440-125-J .125 3.3 684 2.86 1.96 .75 2.125 24.2

With one motor, different thrust profiles are available by simply changing the injector orifice.

Base Hypertek motor system
Base Hypertek motor system
Base Motor System
The base Hypertek motor system comes complete with:
five fuel grains, an injector bell with integral vent tube, three interchangeable orifices for different thrust levels, an oxidizer tank, five motor tie-down straps, and an full operations manual. You get all this for $235 manufacturer's suggested retail price.

Complete Hypertek launch system
Complete Hypertek launch system
Complete Launch System
The Hypertek fueler/launcher system comes complete with:
aluminum launch fill stem and adjustable mount, all necessary hoses and fittings, N
2O and GOX solenoids, nitrous dump solenoid, GOX regulator, Hypertek custom launch controller, ignition transformer, operations manual, and instructional video for $550 manufacturer's suggested retail price.

Submitted by: John Coker

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